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July 07, 2019

Short Workouts Still Work
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Think you don’t have the time to follow an exercise program? A fitness expert says just a one minute workout can give you REAL health benefits. Then, kids join gangs for all the wrong reasons. A research study now shows that gang membership can cause mental health problems.
Episode Segments:
One Minute Workouts
Martin Gibala, PhD, is Professor and Chair of the Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University in Ontario. Dr. Gibala led a study that found that a single minute of very intense exercise produces health benefits similar to longer, traditional endurance training. He recommends the plan for occasionally busy days, not as a permanent substitute for longer and more moderate workouts. He said the findings put to rest the common excuse for not getting in shape: there is not enough time.
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Street Gangs and Depression
Chris Melde, PhD, is Associate Professor and Director of Graduate Studies, School of Criminal Justice at Michigan State University. Dr. Melde was the co-author of a study of street gang membership. He found that depression and suicidal thoughts or attempts are common among youth who join gangs. He outlined the reasons that many troubled teens join gangs and why gang life causes already significant problems in their lives to become even worse.
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The New Aging
Matthias Hollwich, is an internationally-recognized architect, author of New Aging: Live Smarter Now to Live Better Forever. Mr. Hollwich discussed ways that homes and communities can be redesigned to make aging a graceful and fulfilling aspect of life. He discussed changes to specific rooms, to help seniors stay safely in their homes for as long as possible.
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Guest(s) Appearing on this Episode
Martin Gibala
My research examines the regulation of skeletal muscle energy provision. I am particularly interested in the potential for exercise and/or nutrition to induce metabolic adaptations at the molecular and cellular levels in humans. In addition to basic, mechanistic studies, I also conduct applied research that examines the impact of exercise training and dietary manipulation on sport performance. Recent work in my laboratory has focused on two main areas:

(1) Metabolic adaptations to low-volume, high-intensity interval training, with an emphasis on the regulation of oxidative energy provision.

(2) The potential for alterations in nutrient availability to impact the acute or chronic adaptations to exercise training.

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Chris Melde
Chris Melde is an associate professor and Director of Graduate Studies in the School of Criminal Justice at Michigan State University. His primary research interests include program evaluation, the impact of violent offending and victimization on adolescent development, street gangs, reactions to victimization risk, and criminological theory. He is currently working on an NIJ funded multi-method multi-site study of the impact of gang desistance on adolescent development, especially as it relates to violent offending and victimization. He has also recently worked on the evaluation of Lansing, Michigan’s Neighborhood Stabilization and Youth Violence Initiative; the evaluation of the Project Safe Neighborhoods Comprehensive Anti-Gang Initiative; the National Evaluation of the Gang Resistance Education and Training Program (G.R.E.A.T.); and the National Evaluation of the Teens, Crime, and the Community: Community Works Program. His recent work has appeared in such outlets as Criminology, Criminology and Public Policy, Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, Justice Quarterly, and Journal of Quantitative Criminology.

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Matthias Hollwich
Matthias Hollwich is the co-founding principal of progressive New York architecture firm Hollwich Kushner (HWKN) and Architizer, the largest platform for architecture online.

Having previously led design teams within internationally acclaimed firms such as Rem Koolhaas’ Office for Metropolitan Architecture (OMA), Eisenman Architects, and Diller Scofidio + Renfro, Matthias has established himself at the forefront of a new generation of ground-and rule-breaking international architects.

Combining his understanding of how architecture and cities can perform better with his research as a visiting professor at the University of Pennsylvania, Matthias has developed a new line of thinking about how to make aging an empowering process. He has since shared this message at events for TEDx, PICNIC, the World Health Organization, and the New Aging conference at University of Pennsylvania.

The New Aging